February 2008

An electronic portfolio, also known as an e-portfolio or digital portfolio, is a collection of electronic evidence assembled and managed by a user. Such electronic evidence may include inputted text, electronic files such as Microsoft Word and Adobe PDF files, images, multimedia, blog entries, and hyperlinks. E-portfolios are both demonstrations of the user’s abilities and platforms for self-expression, and, if they are online, they can be maintained dynamically over time. Some e-portfolio applications permit varying degrees of audience access, so the same portfolio might be used for multiple purposes.

An e-portfolio can be seen as a type of learning record that provides actual evidence of achievement. Learning records are closely related to the Learning Plan, an emerging tool that is being used to manage learning by individuals, teams, communities of interest, and organizations. To the extent that at Personal Learning Environment captures and displays a learning record, it also might be understood to be an electronic portfolio.

E-portfolios, like traditional portfolios, can facilitate students’ reflection on their own learning, leading to more awareness of learning strategies and needs (cf. Moon, n.d.).


Posted in Wikipedia


Very simply put, a portfolio is a collection of evidence that is gathered together to show a person’s learning journey over time and to demonstrate their abilities. Portfolios can be specifi to a particular discipline, or very broadly encompass a person’s lifelong learning. Many different kinds of evidence can be used in a portfolio: samples of writing, both finished and unfinished; photographs; videos; research projects; observations and evaluations of supervisors, mentors and peers; and reflective thinking about all of these.


Posted in A Review Of The Literature On Portfolios And Electronic Portfolios


We do we need e-portfolios?

In the context of a knowledge society, where being information literate is critical, the ePortfolio can provide an opportunity to support one’s ability to collect, organise, interpret and reflect on his/her learning and practice. It is also a tool for continuing professional development, encouraging individuals to take responsibility for and demonstrate the results of their own learning. Furthermore, a portfolio can serve as a tool for knowledge management, and is used as such by some institutions. The ePortfolio provides a link between individual and organisational learning.


Posted in Eifel


The following outlines the benefits for eportfolio user groups:


  • increased learning effectiveness
  • model professionalism
  • gain academic credit for learning beyond the classroom
  • reflections on artifacts as well as how they match goals and standards
  • help students make connections among their formal and informal learning experiences
  • prompt learners to articulate their learning goals from different perspectives
  • allow individuals to display learning in ways overlooked or undervalued by other assessment means


  • leverage student motivation
  • align objectives and evaluation strategies
  • allow for more fruitful advising
  • enable the efficient management of student deliverables in distance courses
  • enhance relationships among eportfolio creators and mentors


  • respond to calls for greater accountability and outcomes-based accreditation
  • transportability of credits
  • increase transparency for evaluation and benchmarking


Posted in ePortfolio Portal


What can e-portfolio do for you?


  • Showcase achievements on individualized Guest pages
  • Collect and Reflect on your work
  • Share your educational and work experience
  • Create dynamic resumes
  • Create a plan of study and work online with your Advisor


  • Create Portfolio Projects with scoring rubrics
  • Create Joint Projects with other Instructors
  • Comment and score students’ work online
  • Create teaching or promotion portfolios
  • Showcase Achievements


  • Collect student work for Outcomes Assessment
  • Select work randomly and anonymously
  • Use scoring rubrics
  • Generate reports
  • Export raw data for further analysis


Posted in ePortfolio Platform

A list of open source ePortfolio systems:

  • Klahowya (U.S.) (last updated 2005)
  • OSPI (UMN-rSmart, U.S.) (partnership with U.S. universities, part of SAKAI): the Open Source Portfolio Initiative
  • Mahara (New Zealand) (under development, version 0.9 alpha1 just released)
  • Elgg (CurveRider, Ltd., U.K.) (received development capital in August 2007)
  • MyStuff (Open University, U.K.) (to be fully functional February 2008)
  • Moofolio (SPDC, New Hampshire) (new version about to be released, to be fully implemented fall 2008)
  • Open source content management systems that have been adapted to use as ePortfolio systems: Plone, Drupal, Typo3.
  • PBWiki – A more developed wiki with the capability of exporting specific pages to PDF, Word or an online presentation. Read my detailed reflections on this 33rd reconstruction of my portfolio in my Online Portfolio Adventure. The screen is a little cluttered with all of the commands at the bottom, but the formatting is more flexible. With a limit of 10MB to store files, this version might be more limiting for schools or individuals who do not have other online storage space, whereas WikiSpaces allows 2GB.
  • Carbonmade – an online portfolio for the creative arts community, not really appropriate for education because of the limited number of projects (5 in the free version) and limited space for description/captions/reflection.

I just posted an updated version of My Online Portfolio Adventure, including Categories of ePortfolio tools and services. Links to the services can be found on that web page. I have not included the many services that are emerging in Europe, because I don’t have enough experience with them to classify them. Input from other ePortfolio developers is welcome.

Categorizing e-portofolio systems:

  • Individual & Institutional
    • Authoring Tools – These are tools that can be used to author portfolios (offline), but require web server space to publish online. Portfolios created with these tools can also be published on CD-R or DVD-R. No Interactivity. [Mozilla Composer; Dreamweaver, FrontPage or any web authoring tool; Apple's iWeb; Powerpoint & Lecshare Pro; Adobe Acrobat; MovieMaker2, iMovie, or any video editing tool]
    • Static Web Services – These are static web services that an individual or institution may use to create and publish a presentation portfolio – little or no interactivity* (Web 1.0) [GeoCities; eFolio Minnesota; Tripod; Digication; KEEP Toolkit; GooglePages]
    • Interactive Web Services – These are dynamic web services that an individual or institution may use to create and publish a presentation portfolio AND allows interactivity* (Web 2.0) [WordPress (blog); WikiSpaces; PB Wiki; GoogleDocs - Document and Presentation; ZOHO Writer; EduSpaces (Elgg)]
  • Institutional
    • Software – Server Required – These are systems that an institution would install on their own server to provide space for hosting portfolios. Interactivity* but NO data management system** [Userland's Manila; Blackboard (old: Content System and new: Vista/CE); Open Source tools: Elgg, Mahara, Moofolio, OSPI, MyStuff (U.K.); open source Content Management Systems: Plone, Drupal; Microsoft SharePoint]
    • Hosted Services – These are systems that an institution adopts (no server required) that host portfolios. Usually supports interactivity* but limited (or unknown) data management** or reporting systems. [MyEport (Maricopa); Think.com (K12 school accounts only); nuVentive’s iWebfolio; ePortaro; Pupil Pages (K12); Epsilen; My eCoach]
    • Assessment Systems – Hosted Services – These are hosted systems that an institution would adopt (no server required) that will allow hosting portfolios, facilitates interactivity, and includes a data management** and reporting system for assessment [TaskStream; College LiveText; Chalk & Wire; FolioTek; nuVentive's TracDat]

* Interactivity allows dialogue and feedback in the portfolio, either through comments or collaborative editing
** Data management system allows collection of evaluation data about portfolios, and can produce reports aggregating quantitative data.


Posted in E-Portfolios for Learning

There are three types of eportfolios: developmental, assessment, and showcase.

  • Developmental ePortfolios. Demonstrate the advancement and development of student skills over a period of time. Developmental portfolios are considered works-in-progress and include both self-assessment and reflection/feedback elements. The primary purpose is to provide communication between students and faculty.
  • Assessment ePortfolios. Demonstrate student competence and skill for well-defined areas. These may be end-of-course or program assessments primarily for evaluating student performance. The primary purpose is to evaluate student competency as defined by program standards and outcomes.
  • Showcase or presentation ePortfolios. Demonstrate exemplary work and student skills. This type of eportfolio is created at the end of a program to highlight the quality of student work. Students typically show this portfolio to potential employers to gain employment at the end of a degree program.
  • Hybrids. Most eportfolios are hybrids of the three types of eportfolios listed above. Rarely will you find an eportfolio that is strictly used for assessment, development, or showcase purposes. Occasionally, you may come across showcase eportfolios that do not show evidence of self-reflection, rubrics for assessment, or feedback; however, as Helen Barrett, an expert in the field of eportfolios, would say, “A portfolio without standards, goals and/or reflection is just a fancy résumé, not an electronic portfolio” (Barrett, 1999, p.56).

Posted in ePortfolios Portal


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